The integrated approach
A counsellor needs to be prepared to work with clients with variety of presentations. To build this expertise, a counsellor often trains in more than one school of therapeutic approach. A sound working knowledge of various therapeutic schools and approaches is also helpful to deter the possibility of a school dominating over the process of counselling itself. Hence it becomes imperative for a skilled counsellor to learn to integrate these various schools of therapeutic approaches and use them appropriately and with discretion.
The onus thus falls on the practitioner to update his or her skills by identifying various schools offered by varied institutions all over the world. This would require spending a lot of time and travel to acquire the necessary training. Here at Nibbana we realise the importance of such an integrated approach and we have tailored a course that will cover various schools of therapy all under one roof. NICCS adopts a humanistic, eclectic and integrative approach to counselling process and training.
Here is what will get covered in one year at NICCS
Transactional Analysis (TA)
Transactional Analysis is a theory developed by Dr. Eric Berne in the 1950s. Originally trained in psychoanalysis, Berne wanted a theory which could be understood and available to everyone and began to develop what came to be called Transactional Analysis (TA).
A psychotherapeutic approach developed by Fritz Perls (1893–1970). It focuses on insight into gestalts in clients and their relations to the world, and often uses role playing to aid the resolution of past conflicts.
Gestalt, a German word for form or shape, refers to the idea that natural systems and their properties should be viewed as wholes, not as collections of parts.
Neuro Linguistic Programming (NLP)
NLP is used for personal development and for success in business. NLP is the practice of understanding how people organise their thinking, feeling, language and behaviour to produce the results they do. NLP provides people with a methodology to model outstanding performances achieved by geniuses and leaders in their field.
A key element of NLP is that we form our unique internal mental maps of the world as a product of the way we filter and perceive information absorbed through our five senses from the world around us.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a talking therapy that can help you manage your problems by changing the way you think and behave. It is most commonly used to treat anxiety and depression, but can be useful for other mental and physical health problems.
Couple therapy is a means of resolving problems and conflicts that couples have not been able to handle effectively on their own. It involves both partners sitting down with a trained professional to discuss their thoughts and feelings. The aim is to help them gain a better understanding of themselves and their partner, to decide if they need and want to make changes, and if so, to help them to do so.
This course requires all trainees to have had therapy themselves or to be in therapy during their training. This is not only so you can experience therapy from the client’s point of view but also for personal development and to help you cope with issues and emotions raised when counselling others.
All trainees who are working with clients will receive supervision from another qualified practitioner. To qualify for certification, the trainees must have at least (1.5) hours of supervision a month. A supervisor is not a manager but a professional mentor who helps the supervisee develop their skills and work to best practice standards, while providing personal and psychological support.
Psychiatry for Counsellors
Psychiatrists have a degree in medicine like your family physician, followed by specialized training in the diagnosis and treatment of mental illness, emotional disorders, and behavioral problems. They attend medical school and receive the same education as any other medical student, but they supplement their medical training with elective classes and a psychiatric residency. These classes primarily focus on the diagnosis and medication of psychiatric problems, not on counseling, although some psychiatrists do offer counseling to their clients. Counselors study counseling extensively, so they often have more training in counseling techniques and treatment methods than a psychiatrist would. As counsellors who meet clients with varied presentations, it becomes necessary for her to be able to access the need for medical intervention from what the client shares. Counsellors will benefit from this module of basics in psychiatry to build their skills in being able to pick up a need for referring the client to a psychiatrist
Sexuality is a central aspect of being human throughout life and encompasses sex, gender identities and roles, sexual orientation, eroticism, pleasure, intimacy and reproduction. Sexuality is experienced and expressed in thoughts, fantasies, desires, beliefs, attitudes, values, behaviours, practices, roles and relationships. While sexuality can include all of these dimensions, not all of them are always experienced or expressed. Sexuality is influenced by the interaction of biological, psychological, social, economic, political, cultural, ethical, legal, historical, religious and spiritual factors. Sexual health is a state of physical, emotional, mental and social well-being in relation to sexuality; it is not merely the absence of disease, dysfunction or infirmity. Sexual health requires a positive and respectful approach to sexuality and sexual relationships, as well as the possibility of having pleasurable and safe sexual experiences, free of coercion, discrimination and violence. For sexual health to be attained and maintained, the sexual rights of all persons must be respected, protected and fulfilled. Hence a counsellors role in taking an unbiased and non-judgemental stand in providing counselling support when the nature of presentation revolves around sexuality and sexual well being
Basics of psychology for non-psychology students
Behaviorism, also known as behavioral psychology, is a theory of learning based on the idea that all behaviors are acquired through conditioning. Conditioning occurs through interaction with the environment. Behaviorists believe that our responses to environmental stimuli shape our actions.
According to this school of thought, behavior can be studied in a systematic and observable manner regardless of internal mental states.
Basically, only observable behavior should be considered—cognitions,emotions, and moods are far too subjective.
Strict behaviorists believed that any person can potentially be trained to perform any task, regardless of genetic background, personality traits, and internal thoughts (within the limits of their physical capabilities). It only requires the right conditioning.
The trainees will be asked to take counselling work in an area of their choice towards the end of the course. You would need to document your work respecting client confidentiality for supervision and evaluation.